Latitude :
5 45 0 S Logitude : 110 30 0
Altitude :
0 to 512 metres
Area :
111625 ha Wetlands: 0 ha
Status : National park
Legislation : SK Menhut No. 161/Menhut-II/1988, 29-2-88.
Tenure : Managed by PHPA
Province :  
  Site Description  
  The Karimun Jawa island group consists of 27 small islets, of which Karimun Jawa is the largest. Only seven island are inhabitated. The total area of The Karimun Jawa approximately 111,625 ha that contains 7,033 ha of inland and 104,592 ha of territorial waters. The vegetation consits mainly of mangrove and beach forest, and some lowland rain forest on Karimun Jawa. The principal vegetation : - Mangrove : Bruguiera spp., Ceriops, Aegiceras, Xilocarpus, Excoccaria, Lumnitzera, Sonneratia, Heriteria and Rhizophora spp. - Beach forest : Terminalia cattapa (ketapang), Casuarina equisetifolia (cemara laut), Cocos nucifera (kelapa), Scaerota frustescens (jati pasir), Strebus asper (setigi) and Hibiscus tilliaceus (waru laut). - Lowland Rain Forets : Fragraea elliptica (dewodaru)and Kalimosodo Coral reef ecosystem in Karimun Jawa have three type are fringing reefs, barrier reef and patch reef. But most of the islands are surrounded by fringing reefs. This ecosystem have high diversity with more than 90 species from 45 genus of coral, 242 coral reef fishes species and 12 spesies in protected status. Seaweeds (algae)are found in all islands until 20 m in depth. The diversity of seaweeds are Chrolophyta (genus Caulerpa and Halimeda), Phaeophyta (genus Padina, Sargassum and Tubinaria) and Phodophyta (genus Euchema, Gracillaria, Gelidium, Hypnea and Acanthopora. Seagrasses are found in all territorial waters until 25 m in depth. The seagrasses ecosystem are dominated by genus Enhalus and Thallasia. The sandy beaches are important as turtle nesting sites. The freshwater resource is quite limited, confined to Karimun Jawa (wells and mountain streams). The tidal variation is 0.92m.  
  Site Location  
  Bawean island is located in Java sea between East Java and Kalimantan; approximately 100 km from the north of East Java. The National Park is accesible by water/marine transportation (boat) or airplane.  
  Special Memmo  
  List of Birds (17 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
Actitis hypoleucos
Anous stolidus
Ardeola speciosa
Capella stenura
Egretta sacra
Esacus magnirostris
Glareola maldivarum
Halcyon chloris
Halcyon sancta
Ixobrychus eurhythmus Lower Risk
Ixobrychus sinensis
Numenius phaeopus
Pandion haliaetus App II
Phalacrocorax niger
Psittacula alexandri App II
Sterna bergii
Tringa ochropus
  List of Mammals (4 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
Cervus timorensis
Felis bengalensis App I
Manis javanica Lower Risk App II
Muntiacus muntjak
  List of Fish (0 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
  List of Crustaceans (0 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
  List of Mollusks (11 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
Charonia tritonis Rare
Hippopus hippopus Lower Risk App II
Nautilus pompilius
Tridacna crocea Insufficiently Know App II
Tridacna derasa Vulnerable App.II
Tridacna gigas Vulnerable App II
Tridacna maxima Lower Risk App II
Tridacna sp.
Tridacna squamosa Lower Risk App II
Trochus niloticus
Turbo marmoratus Comercially Threatened
  List of Amphibians (0 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
  List of Reptiles (4 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
Chelonia mydas Endengered App I
Eretmochelys imbricata Critically Endengered App I
Python sp.
Varanus salvator App II
  List of Vegetations (2 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
Aegiceras sp.
Excoecaria sp.