Latitude :
7 49 12 S Logitude : 114 19 48
Altitude :
0 to 1247 metres
Area :
25000 ha Wetlands: 1750 ha
Status : National park
Legislation : Mentan, 6-3-1980 ; SK Menhut No.279/Kpts-VI/97, 25-3-1997
Tenure : Managed by PHPA
Province :  
  Site Description  
  The Baluran Volcano is bordered on three sides by the sea. There are coral reefs which are remarkably rich in species south of Air Karang up to Tanjung Cabang, south of Kelor. Shallow coral reefs and mudflats which are exposed at low tide are found at Air Tawar, Bilik and Air Karang/Balanan. These areas support migratory shorebirds such as plovers, curlew and sandpipers as well as the resident reef heron. The crater wall varies in height from 900 - 1,247m. The caldera is about 600m deep. There is a broad lowland mantle of 5 - 7km wide on the north and east side of the volcano, flat to gently undulating, but becoming steeper above 200 - 250 m. There are numerous seasonal streams. The coastline is 40km long, generally broken, rocky and interspersed with small coves with corals, sandbanks and mudflats. The beaches of Baluran are comprised of black sand, blak small-stone beaches or coarse coral banks, depending on the area. Only a small stretch of fine, white sand is known to be visited by sea turtles. There are some patches of mangrove forest. Principal vegetation: 1,000 ha of freshwater swamp forest with Excoecaria agallocha, Szygium polyanthum, Buchania arborescens. About 750 ha of mangrove forest, which is dominated on the muddy soil by Avicennia spp., Soneratia spp., and Rhizophora spp. with locally pure stands of Ceriops tagal and Rhizophora apiculata. The higher parts of the coral beaches are dominated by Pemphis acidula.  
  Site Location  
  Special Memmo  
  List of Birds (0 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
  List of Mammals (5 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
Bos javanicus Endengered
Bubalus bubalis
Cervus timorensis
Cuon alpinus Vulnerable App II
Panthera pardus Endengered App I
  List of Fish (1 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
Chanos chanos
  List of Crustaceans (0 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
  List of Mollusks (2 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
Linchia laevigata
Nordua tuberculata
  List of Amphibians (0 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
  List of Reptiles (0 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
  List of Vegetations (18 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
Avicennia alba
Avicennia sp.
Bruguiera gymnorhiza
Buchanania arborescens
Ceriops decandra
Ceriops tagal
Excoecaria agallocha
Lumnitzera racemosa
Pemphis acidula
Rhizophora apiculata
Rhizophora mucronata
Rhizophora sp.
Rhizophora stylosa
Sonneratia alba
Sonneratia caseolaris
Sonneratia sp.
Syzygium polyanthum
Xylocarpus moluccensis