Latitude :
8 18 37 S Logitude : 114 34 50
Altitude :
0 to 200 metres
Area :
77348 ha Wetlands: 6560 ha
Status : National park
Legislation : SK Mentan No. 736/Mentan/X/1982, 14-10-1982.
Tenure : Government of Indonesia, PHPA
Province :  
  Site Description  
  The total area of the site is 77,348.5ha, comprising 19,558.4 ha Bali Barat Wildlife Reserve, 6220 ha of coral reefs and marine waters, and 5,569 ha of primary mountain forest. The site includes Menjangan island which is a low-lying island with an altitude of a few metres, but several peaks over 500 m occur. Further inland of the island, Gunung Merbak rises to 1,138 m. The site is a rather dry area. The main wetland habitat consists of about 35km of beach, 6,220 ha of coral reefs, 300 ha of mangrove scrub/forest, 40 ha of seagrass beds. Most beaches are sandy. The other areas consist mainly of mangrove swamps and limestone rock. The mangrove has extensively been cut over and is in a rather degraded state. Near Gilimanuk, this exploitation still continues. Principal vegetation: Mangal communities include Rhizophora stylosa, Rhizophora apiculata, Sonneratia alba, Avicennia alba, Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, Ceriops tagal, Aegiceras corniculatum, Excoecaria agallocha, Lummnitzera sp., Nypa fruticans. Coral reefs within the site are of fringing reef type and show varying degrees of development around the Park. Reefs are poorly developed within the shallow mangrove-line bays on the mainland where water clarity is reduced. The best developed reefs are around Menjangan island. On the south-east of the island, the reef is steep, while on the north-facing coast, the upper reef ismore rounded and there are shallow surge-channels on the outer reef flat. According to Polunin et al. in Moosa et al. 1997), 35 coral species have been recorded from this site.  
  Site Location  
  Bali Barat National Park is located on the west of Bali island. The nearest town is Gilimanuk, the main harbour that gives access to Bali from Java island.  
  Special Memmo  
  The site is well-known of its endemic bird Bali-starling. However, it is also known that the site is where coral reef occur.  
  List of Birds (19 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
Actitis hypoleucos
Amaurornis phoenicurus
Ardea purpurea
Calidris alba
Charadrius dubius
Ciconia episcopus
Egretta sacra
Fregata ariel
Fregata minor
Heteroscelus brevipes
Leptoptilos javanicus Vulnerable
Limosa limosa
Numenius arquata
Numenius phaeopus
Sterna bergii
Sterna dougallii
Sterna hirundo
Tringa nebularia
Tringa totanus
  List of Mammals (10 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
Bos javanicus Endengered
Felis bengalensis App I
Hystrix brachyura Vulnerable
Macaca fascicularis Lower Risk App II
Manis javanica Lower Risk App II
Muntiacus muntjak
Paradoxurus hermaphroditus Vulnerable
Pteropus vampyrus App II
Ratufa bicolor App II
Sus scrofa
  List of Fish (0 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
  List of Crustaceans (0 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
  List of Mollusks (0 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
  List of Amphibians (0 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
  List of Reptiles (4 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
Eretmochelys imbricata Critically Endengered App I
Mabuya sp.
Python sp.
Varanus salvator App II
  List of Vegetations (10 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
Aegiceras corniculatum
Avicennia marina
Bruguiera gymnorhiza
Ceriops tagal
Excoecaria agallocha
Lumnitzera sp.
Nypa fruticans
Rhizophora apiculata
Rhizophora stylosa
Sonneratia alba