Latitude :
1 12 27 S Logitude : 120 4 26
Altitude :
20 to 2356 metres
Area :
229000 ha Wetlands: 31000 ha
Status : National park
Legislation : SK Mentan No. 736/Mentan/X/1982, 14-10-1982; SK Menhut 593/Kpts-II/93
Tenure : Government of Indonesia, PHPA
Province :  
  Site Description  
  Lore Lindu National Park is located in the province of Central Sulawesi. The park is a major catchment area of the Gumasa-Palu and Lariang Rivers. It consits of rugged terrain that is surrounded byu four distinct valleys. To the west of the Park, the narrow steep Kulawi-Gimpu Valleys runs apporximately north-south following the Fossa Sarasina Rift. The more extensive Napu valley to the east of the Park follows the shallower Tawaelia Rift. These rifts converge at the southern extremity of the Park in the Bada Valley area. The fourth valley, the Palolo-Sopu valley, is on the northern side of the park (SCHWEITHELM et al., 1992). Lake Lindu is a large ancient freshwater lake (3,200 ha), situated in the Lore Lindu National Park. The lake is of high irrigation value for extensive agricultural areas. It is of special interest because it is the only site in Indonesia of the disease Schistosomiais (bilharzia). In the 1930's and 40's also the related disease Echinostomiasis was found. The endemic mussels Corbicula lindoensis and C. subplanata were the primairy source of human infection. The National Park does not contain any large wetland other than this lake and the upper reaches of the rivers Lariang and Palu. Lake Lindu has a maximum depth about 100 m, and is considered to be a Tectonic lake (?). The lake is considered as Mesotrophic lake by Giesen (1991). The Park contains a wealth of endemic wildlife, has a high recreational value and important as ethnic historic site (megalith monuments). The forest on flat to gently sloping alluvial soils in Lore Lindu NP, are rich in epiphytic climbing plant, a characteristic which differentiates them froom the uniform physiognomy of forest vegetation on steeper slopes. An important feature of vegetation is the dominance of rattan or 'lauro' (Calamus spp.) throughout the Park (SCHWEITHELM et al., 1992). WIRAWAN in SCHWEITHELM et al. (1992) recognized two major altitudinal vegetation zones: the lowland and montane rain forests that are separated by the 1,000 m elevation contour. Most Sulawesi's endemic mammals and 83 % of its endemic avifauna have been recorded in or closely associated with the Park. Althogh large mammals are not abundant and detailed ecological research so far has been limited to small mammals, Lore Lindu is definitely a viable conservtion unit particularly when the present forest ecosystems are kept undisturbed (WWF 1981 in SCHWEITHELM et al., 1992). Large endemic mammals that are found in the Park are the highland Anoa (Anoa quarlesi), babirusa (Babyrousa babyrusa), Celebes pig (Sus celebensis), the Tonakean macaque (Macaca tonkeana), both bear and Celebes cuscus (Phalaangr ursinus and P. celebensis), Tarsius spectrum, and Maccrogalidia muschenbroeki. Important bird species recorded in the park are the rarest species such as Rallus plateni, Scolopax celebensis, Tyto inexpectata, Geomalia heinrichi and the endemic ground nesting bird Macrocephalon maleo. There are at least six nesting grounds of maleo in the Park occurring up to 1,000 m elevation. One of the biggest nesting grounds is located along Saluki River, about one hour walk from Saluki Village on the Kulawi road (SCHWETHELM et al., 1992). Reptile, amphibian, and fish fauna are poorly known. The most commonly observed sakes in the Park are racers, Elaphe erythrura and E. janseni. The Phthon reticulatus and king cobra (Ohpiophagus hannah) are also common. Lake Lindu has six species of fish (five introduced and one indigenous), but only the large rivers on the edge of the Park contain fish. Eels hoever are very common even in the smallest streams (SCHWEITHELM, et al., 1992). The Lore Lindu NP is bounded on all sides by valleys containing agrarian communities of traditional and migrant people. Most people in boundary villages around the Park lead a semi-subsitence lifestyle based on cultivation of rice (sawah), dryland food crops, tree crops, livestock rearing and harvesting forest products. Two officially recognized encalves exist within the Park, Besoa in the South and Lindu in the North. In Besoa there is excess sawah and therefore little preasure to extend agricultural land into the park. The situation in Lindu is uncertain because the valley may be flooded by the proposed hydro-electric dam (SCHWEITHELM et al., 1992).  
  Site Location  
  Taman Nasional Lore Lindu is located on central Sulawesi, 50km south from Palu, Kabupaten Donggala/Poso. The Park boundary area can be reached from Palu by a poor road system extending as far south as the Besoa enclave on the east and Gimpu on the west. The Bada valley in the south can be reached by light aircraft or a poor road entering from Tentena to the east SCHWEITHELM et al., 1992)  
  Special Memmo  
  List of Birds (140 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
Accipiter griseiceps App II
Accipiter nanus Lower Risk App II
Accipiter rhodogaster App II
Accipiter trinotatus App II
Acrocephalus arundinaceus
Actenoides monachus
Actenoides princeps
Actitis hypoleucos
Aerodramus infuscatus
Aethopyga siparaja
Alcedo atthis
Alcedo meninting
Amaurornis isabellina
Amaurornis phoenicurus
Anas gibberifrons
Anas querquedula
Anas superciliosa
Anhinga melanogaster Lower Risk
Anthreptes malacensis
Aramidopsis plateni Vulnerable
Ardea purpurea
Ardea sumatrana Lower Risk
Ardeola speciosa
Aviceda jerdoni Lower Risk App II
Aythya australis
Basilornis celebensis
Bubulcus ibis
Butastur liventer Lower Risk App II
Butorides striatus
Cacatua sulphurea Critically Endengered App I
Caprimulgus affinis
Centropus bengalensis
Centropus celebensis
Ceyx fallax
Charadrius dubius
Chlidonias hybridus
Ciconia episcopus
Circus assimilis App II
Cittura cyanotis
Coracias temminckii
Coturnix chinensis
Cryptophaps poecilorrhoa Lower Risk
Cuculus crassirostris
Cuculus fugax
Cyornis rufigastra
Dendrocopos temminckii
Dendrocygna arcuata
Dendrocygna guttata
Dicaeum celebicum
Dicaeum nehrkorni
Ducula aenea
Ducula forsteni
Ducula radiata
Dupetor flavicollis
Egretta alba
Egretta garzetta
Egretta intermedia
Elanus caeruleus App II
Erythrura hyperythra
Erythrura trichroa
Eudynamys melanorhyncha
Eurostopodus diabolicus Vulnerable
Eurostopodus macrotis
Falco moluccensis App II
Falco severus App II
Gallicolumba tristigmata
Gallicrex cinerea
Gallinago megala
Gallinula chloropus
Gallinula tenebrosa
Gallirallus torquatus
Gallus gallus
Gymnocrex rosenbergii Vulnerable
Halcyon chloris
Haliaeetus leucogaster App II
Haliastur indus App II
Hemiprocne longipennis
Hieraaetus kienerii App II
Himantopus himantopus
Hirundapus celebensis
Ichthyophaga nana Lower Risk App II
Ictinaetus malayensis App II
Irediparra gallinacea
Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
Lonchura molucca
Lonchura pallida
Loriculus exilis App II
Loriculus stigmatus App II
Macheiramphus alcinus App II
Macrocephalon maleo Vulnerable App I
Macropygia amboinensis
Megapodius cumingii Lower Risk
Megapodius freycinet
Meropogon forsteni
Merops philippinus
Milvus migrans App II
Mulleripicus fulvus
Nectarinia aspasia
Ninox ochracea App II
Ninox punctulata App II
Otus manadensis App II
Pelargopsis melanorhyncha
Pelecanus conspicillatus
Penelopides exarhatus
Pernis celebensis App II
Phaenicophaeus calyorhynchus
Phalacrocorax melanoleucos
Plegadis falcinellus
Pluvialis fulva
Podiceps ruficollis
Poliolimnas cinerea
Porphyrio porphyrio
Porzana cinerea
Prioniturus platurus App II
Ptilinopus fischeri
Ptilinopus melanospila
Ptilinopus subgularis
Ptilinopus superbus
Rallus philippensis
Rallus striatus
Rhyticeros cassidix
Scissirostrum dubium
Scolopax celebensis Lower Risk
Scythrops novaehollandiae
Serinus estherae
Spilornis rufipectus App II
Spizaetus lanceolatus Lower Risk App II
Streptocitta albicollis
Surniculus lugubris
Tanygnathus sumatranus App II
Treron griseicauda
Treron vernans
Trichoglossus flavoviridis App II
Trichoglossus ornatus App II
Tringa glareola
Tringa hypoleucos
Turacoena manadensis
Tyto inexspectata Deficient Data App II
Tyto rosenbergii App II
Zosterops montanus
  List of Mammals (35 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
Ailurops ursinus Deficient Data
Babyrousa babyrussa Vulnerable App I
Bubalus depressicornis Endengered App I
Bubalus quarlesi Endengered App I
Bunomys chrysocomus
Bunomys penitus
Cervus timorensis
Eropeplus canus Endengered
Hyosciurus heinrichi Vulnerable
Macaca nigra Endengered App II
Macaca tonkeana Lower Risk App II
Macrogalidia musschenbroeki Vulnerable
Margaretamys elegans Vulnerable
Margaretamys parvus Vulnerable
Maxomys hellwaldii
Maxomys musschenbroekii
Melasmothrix naso Endengered
Melasmothrix rhinogradoides Vulnerable
Paradoxurus hermaphroditus Vulnerable
Paruromys dominator
Prosciurillus murinus
Rattus hoffmanni
Rattus xanthurus
Rubrisciurus rubriventer
Stigocuscus celebensis Deficient Data
Sus celebensis
Sus verrucosus Endengered
Taeromys arcuatus Vulnerable
Taeromys callitrichus
Taeromys hamatus Vulnerable
Taeromys macrocercus
Tarsius dianae Deficient Data App II
Tarsius pumilus Deficient Data App II
Tarsius spectrum Deficient Data App II
Viverra tangalunga
  List of Fish (6 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
Anabas testudineus
Anguilla celebesensis
Anguilla nebulosa
Channa striata
Xenopoecilus poptae Critically Endengered
Xenopoecilus sarasinorum Endengered
  List of Crustaceans (0 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
  List of Mollusks (5 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
Brotia scalariopsis
Brotia teradjarum
Corbicula lindoensis
Corbicula subplanata
Protancylus adhaerens
  List of Amphibians (1 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
Bufo celebensis
  List of Reptiles (9 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
Elaphe erythrura
Elaphe jansenii
Gekko gekko
Mabuya sp.
Ophiophagus hannah App II
Psammodynastes pulverulentus
Python reticulatus App II
Sphenomorphus nigrilabris
Xenopeltis unicolor
  List of Vegetations (6 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
Calophyllum soulattri
Casuarina rumphiana
Casuarina sumatrana
Eucalyptus deglupta
Litsea sp.
Pandanus sp.