Latitude :
4 33 0 S Logitude : 129 55 12
Altitude :
0 to 0 metres
Area :
2500 ha Wetlands: 0 ha
Status : Marine nature reserve
Legislation : SK Mentan No 221/Kpts/Um/4/1977, 25/4/1977.
Tenure : NULL
Province :  
  Site Description  
  The Banda islands include the central Banda Besar, Neira, Gunung Api, Pisang group, where marine park structure boundary runs along the seaward margins of Banda Besar island, Gunung Api, Neira island and Syahril island. Banda Besar island has the widest reef flat and greatest reef development. Reef development on Neira island is limited to the outward-facing north, south and east sides, while the Gunung Api shows the least reef development. A total of 119 coral species from 61 genera and subgenera has been reported from the Banda reefs and live coral cover is 85% and 100% on certain reefs. The reefs display a variety of habitats, which is to be expected considering the range in size and age of the island and different degrees of exposure to previling winds, waves and currents. No ecological data on the reefs are available. The reserve was based on the once famous coral gardens in the shelter of Lontar which are not degraded; the best beaches and reefs are not found around Suanggi the furthest outlying island. Important feeding area for marine birds, turtles etc, as well as fish. Existence of good coral reefs and associated fauna. Fauna: No information available, except for invertebrates, Salm et al 1982: Quite extensive coral & mollusc sp lists. A total of 195 species of molluscs have been found on the Banda reefs. Certain of the larger molluscs, notably the commercially valuable species such as Tridacna squamosa, Pinctada margaritifera and Pteria spp. occur on the reefs but are uncommon. The commercial tronchus, Tronchus niloticus, was also recorded. Suanggi is an important nesting site for boobies Sula spp. and other seabirds. The marine park is surrounded by coastal villages and fishing is an important activity. most fishing is with hook and line from small dugouts in deep water near coral or rocky reefs or with gill and seine nets in sheltered waters.  
  Site Location  
  Pulau-pulau Banda is located on kabupaten Maluku Tengah, Banda Sea Islands Kecamatan Banda.  
  Special Memmo  
  List of Birds (21 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
Ardea picata
Coracina dispar Lower Risk
Ducula concinna
Falco moluccensis App II
Fregata ariel
Fregata minor
Halcyon chloris
Numenius minutus
Numenius phaeopus
Pachycephala phaionotus
Pelecanus conspicillatus
Ptilinopus regina
Ptilinopus wallacii
Puffinus pacificus
Rhipidura rufifrons
Sterna fuscata
Sula leucogaster
Sula sula
Tringa brevipes
Tringa hypoleucos
Zosterops chloris
  List of Mammals (0 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
  List of Fish (1 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
Hippichthys cyanospilus
  List of Crustaceans (0 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
  List of Mollusks (3 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
Pinctada margaritifera Comercially Threatened
Pteria sp.
Tridacna squamosa Lower Risk App II
  List of Amphibians (0 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
  List of Reptiles (2 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
Chelonia mydas Endengered App I
Eretmochelys imbricata Critically Endengered App I
  List of Vegetations (0 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites