Latitude :
0 47 59 N Logitude : 111 58 23
Altitude :
0 to 35 metres
Area :
132.000 ha Wetlands: 80000 ha
Status : National park
Legislation : SK Menhut No.34/Kpts-II/99, 4 February 1999.
Tenure : Government of Indonesia, PHPA
Province :  
  Site Description  
  The Danau Sentarum Wildlife Reserve covers approximately 80,000 hectares and lies in the upper Kapuas River basin, some 700 kilometres upstream from the delta. The upper Kapuas River basin is surrounded by low mountain ranges and extends over about 6,500 square kilometres, with an average elevation of only 35-50 metres. Much of this basin is a vast floodplain, consisting of seasonal lakes (max. water depth 7-8 metres), freshwater swamp forest and peat swamp forest. The Reserve is located in the western part of this basin, where three-quarters of the seasonal lakes occur. Approximately half of the Reserve consists of lakes, while the other half consists of freshwater swamp forest. The lakes and swamp forests buffer the annual floods of the Kapuas River. Lake waters are black, coloured by tannic acids (pH = 4 - 5.5) and are very deficient in minerals. The Kapuas basin lies virtually on the Equator and tropical climate influence the area. Total annual rainfall in the upper Kapuas floodplain varies between 3500mm in the west to 4400mm in the east. The average annual rainfall in the reserve is estimated to be about 3600mm (GIESEN, 1987). The western part of the upper Kapuas floodplain is inhabited by almost 20,000 people (8.5 per square kilometre), 88 percent of which are Melayu fishermen. About 3,000 people live in about 20 village enclaves within the Reserve. Most Melayu are dependent on fisheries for their livelihood, while cultivation, logging, trade and construction are of marginal importance. The floodplain fishery of the upper Kapuas Basin is highly productive, accounting for two-thirds of the freshwater fishery of the entire province, and amounting to 10,000 wet tons annually for 1975 - 85. The fishery of the Reserve provides about 30 percent of that of the entire upper Kapuas basin. Principal vegetation: - Aquatic herb vegetation: Eichhornia crassipes and Polygonum spp. - Short herb vegetation: Cyperaceae and Poaceae - Tall perennial herb vegetation: A: near the Kapuas River: Calophyllum spp. B: differs from A in characteristic species: Fragraea fragrans, Fragraea fagrans, Fragraea spp, Mallotus spp. and Shorea balangeran. - Peatswamp : main species are Callophyllum spp., Dryobalanops abnormis, Eugenia spp. and Shorea seminis. For a detailed species list see Giesen 1987.  
  Site Location  
  Danau Sentarum is located on 400 km from Pontianak is the district center Sintang. Buses leave for Sintang from Pontianak bus terminal from early morning onwards. The terminal is located north of the Kapuas (take the ferry across river to Siantan, from there take a Daihatsu for the additional 5km to the terminal). Pontianak-Sintang takes about 7-8 hours by bus. The terminal is located well outside Sintang and you will have to take a Daihatsu into town. You can fly to Sintang with DAS or Deraya (about Rp. 90,000.-), daily at 07.00. Speedboats (PT. DAS) leave daily from Sintang to Putussibau at 08.00 (price 40,000.-). Get off at Suhaid (after 4-6 hours), which is a large fishing town along the Kapuas river located at the mouth of the Tawang river. The Tawang is the main entry point to the reserve. At Suhaid hire a boat (+boatman) to take you to Bukit Tekenang, where the field centre is located.  
  Special Memmo  
  From a conservation point of view, the Reserve is of tremendous value. It is the last vast area of primary freshwater swamp forest remaining in Kalimantan, and is possibly the last representative of this habitat for all of the Greater Sunda islands. Its f  
  List of Birds (198 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
Accipiter trivirgatus App II
Actitis hypoleucos
Aegithina tiphia
Aegithina viridissima
Aethopyga mystacalis
Aethopyga siparaja
Aethopyga temminckii
Alcedo meninting
Alcippe brunneicauda
Amaurornis phoenicurus
Anhinga melanogaster Lower Risk
Anorrhinus galeritus
Anthracoceros albirostris App II
Anthracoceros coronatus App II
Anthracoceros malayanus Lower Risk App II
Anthreptes malacensis
Anthreptes simplex
Anthreptes singalensis
Apus affinis
Arachnothera flavigaster
Arachnothera longirostra
Ardea purpurea
Ardea sumatrana Lower Risk
Ardeola bacchus
Argusianus argus App II
Aviceda jerdoni Lower Risk App II
Batrachostomus cornutus
Berenicornis comatus
Blythipicus rubiginosus
Buceros rhinoceros App II
Butorides striatus
Cacomantis merulinus
Cacomantis sonneratii
Cacomantis variolosus
Calorhamphus fuliginosus
Calyptomena viridis
Celeus brachyurus
Centropus bengalensis
Centropus rectunguis Lower Risk
Centropus sinensis
Ceyx erithacus
Ceyx rufidorsus
Chalcophaps indica
Charadrius dubius
Chloropsis cyanopogon
Chloropsis sonnerati
Chrysococcyx xanthorhynchus
Ciconia stormi Endengered
Collocalia esculenta
Collocalia maxima
Columba argentina Vulnerable
Columba livia
Copsychus malabaricus
Copsychus saularis
Coracina fimbriata
Corvus enca
Corvus macrorhynchos
Criniger finschii
Criniger phaeocephalus
Cuculus fugax
Cuculus micropterus
Cyanoptila cyanomelana
Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos
Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchus
Cyornis superbus
Cyornis turcosa Lower Risk
Cyornis turcosus Lower Risk
Dicaeum concolor
Dicaeum cruentatum
Dicaeum trigonostigma
Dicrurus aeneus
Dicrurus paradiseus
Dinopium javanense
Dryocopus javensis
Ducula aenea
Ducula pickeringii Vulnerable
Dupetor flavicollis
Enicurus leschenaulti
Enicurus ruficapillus
Eupetes macrocerus
Eurylaimus javanicus
Eurylaimus ochromalus
Gracula religiosa
Haematortyx sanguiniceps
Halcyon capensis
Halcyon pileata
Haliastur indus App II
Harpactes diardii
Harpactes duvaucelii
Harpactes kasumba
Hemicircus concretus
Hemiprocne comata
Hemiprocne longipennis
Hemipus hirundinaceus
Hemipus picatus
Heteroscelus brevipes
Hirundapus giganteus
Hirundo rustica
Hirundo tahitica
Hypothymis azurea
Hypsipetes criniger
Hypsipetes malaccensis
Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus Lower Risk App II
Ichthyophaga nana Lower Risk App II
Ictinaetus malayensis App II
Irena puella
Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
Kenopia striata
Ketupa ketupu App II
Lacedo pulchella
Lonchura fuscans
Lonchura leucogastra
Lonchura malacca
Lophura bulweri Vulnerable
Lophura ignita Vulnerable
Loriculus galgulus App II
Macronous gularis
Macronous ptilosus
Macropygia emiliana
Malacopteron affine
Malacopteron cinereum
Malacopteron magnirostre
Malacopteron magnum
Megalaima australis
Megalaima mystacophanos
Megalaima rafflesii Lower Risk
Meiglyptes tristis
Meiglyptes tukki
Melanoperdix nigra Lower Risk
Microhierax fringillarius App II
Mulleripicus pulverulentus
Myophonus glaucinus
Napothera atrigularis
Nectarinia jugularis
Nectarinia sperata
Nycticorax nycticorax
Nyctyornis amictus
Oriolus xanthonotus
Orthotomus atrogularis
Orthotomus ruficeps
Orthotomus sepium
Orthotomus sericeus
Pachycephala grisola
Passer montanus
Pelargopsis capensis
Pericrocotus flammeus
Pericrocotus igneus
Pernis ptilorhynchus App II
Phaenicophaeus chlorophaeus
Phaenicophaeus curvirostris
Phaenicophaeus diardi
Phaenicophaeus sumatranus
Phodilus badius App II
Phylloscopus borealis
Picus miniaceus
Picus puniceus
Polyplectron malacense Critically Endengered App II
Pomatorhinus montanus
Prinia flaviventris
Prionochilus percussus
Prionochilus thoracicus
Psittacula longicauda App II
Psittinus cyanurus Lower Risk App II
Pycnonotus atriceps
Pycnonotus brunneus
Pycnonotus cyaniventris
Pycnonotus simplex
Pycnonotus zeylanicus Vulnerable
Raphidura leucopygialis
Reinwardtipicus validus
Rhaphidura leucopygialis
Rhinomyias umbratilis
Rhinoplax vigil Insufficiently Know App I
Rhinortha chlorophaea
Rhipidura javanica
Rhipidura perlata
Rhopodytes sumatranus
Rhyticeros corrugatus Vulnerable
Rhyticeros undulatus
Sasia abnormis
Sitta frontalis
Spilornis cheela App II
Spizaetus alboniger App II
Spizaetus cirrhatus App II
Spizaetus nanus Vulnerable App II
Stachyris erythroptera
Stachyris maculata
Stachyris nigricollis
Sterna albifrons
Streptopelia chinensis
Surniculus lugubris
Tephrodornis gularis
Terpsiphone paradisi
Treron curvirostra
Treron fulvicollis Lower Risk
Treron olax
Trichastoma malaccense
Trichastoma rostratum Lower Risk
  List of Mammals (26 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
Aonyx cinerea Lower Risk App II
Arctogalidia trivirgata Endengered
Callosciurus notatus
Callosciurus prevostii
Cervus unicolor
Exilisciurus exilis
Helarctos malayanus Deficient Data App I
Hipposideros cervinus
Hylobates muelleri Critically Endengered App I
Hystrix brachyura Vulnerable
Lutrogale perspicillata Vulnerable App II
Macaca fascicularis Lower Risk App II
Macaca nemestrina Vulnerable App II
Manis javanica Lower Risk App II
Nannosciurus melanotis
Nasalis larvatus Vulnerable App I
Neofelis nebulosa Vulnerable App I
Pongo pygmaeus Vulnerable App I
Pteropus vampyrus App II
Rattus rattus
Ratufa affinis App II
Rheithrosciurus macrotis
Sundasciurus brookei Lower Risk
Sundasciurus hippurus
Sus barbatus Lower Risk
Tupaia glis App II
  List of Fish (217 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
Acanthopsoides molobrion
Achiroides melanorhynchus
Acrochordonichthys melanogaster
Acrochordonichthys rugosus
Akysis pseudobagarius
Amblyrhynchichthys truncatus
Arius polystaphylodon
Arius thalassinus
Bagrichthys hypselopterus
Bagrichthys macropterus
Bagrichthys micranodus
Bagroides melapterus
Balantiocheilos melanopterus Endengered
Barbichthys laevis
Barbodes balleroides
Barbodes collingwoodii
Barbodes schwanenfeldii
Belodontichthys dinema
Belontia hasselti
Betta akarensis
Betta anabatoides
Betta dimidiata
Betta fusca
Betta pugnax
Botia hymenophysa
Botia macracanthus
Cephalocassis melanochir
Ceratoglanis scleronema
Chaca bankanensis
Channa bankanensis
Channa lucius
Channa marulioides
Channa melanopterus
Channa melasoma
Channa micropeltes
Channa pleurophthalmus
Channa striata
Chela maassi
Chitala lopis
Chonerhinos amabilis
Chonerhinos nefastus
Clarias batrachus
Clarias leiacanthus
Clarias meladerma
Clarias teysmanni
Clupeichthys bleekeri
Coius microlepis
Coius quadrifasciatus
Corica soborna
Crossocheilus cobitis
Crossocheilus oblongus
Cyclocheilichthys apogon
Cyclocheilichthys armatus
Cyclocheilichthys heteronema
Cyclocheilichthys janthochir
Cynoglossus kapuasensis
Cynoglossus waandersi
Doryichthys boaja
Doryichthys martensii
Eirmotus octozona
Ellopostoma megalomycter
Epalzeorhynchos kalopterus
Glyptothorax major
Glyptothorax platypogon
Glyptothorax platypogonoides
Gymnochanda filamentosa
Hampala macrolepidota
Helostoma temminckii
Hemiarius stormii
Hemipimelodus borneensis
Hemirhamphodon pogonognathus
Hemisilurus heterorhynchos
Himantura signifer
Homaloptera nebulosa
Homaloptera ophiolepis
Homaloptera orthogoniata
Homaloptera stephensoni
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix
Kalimantania lawak
Kryptopterus apogon
Kryptopterus bicirrhis
Kryptopterus cryptopterus
Kryptopterus lais
Kryptopterus limpok
Kryptopterus micronema
Kryptopterus minor
Kryptopterus schilbeides
Labeo chrysophekadion
Labiobarbus fasciatus
Labiobarbus festivus
Labiobarbus kuhlii
Labiobarbus ocellatus
Labiobarbus sumatranus
Laides hexanema
Leiocassis fuscus
Leiocassis myersi
Leiocassis stenomus
Lepidocephalichthys pristes
Leptobarbus hoevenii
Leptobarbus melanopterus
Leptobarbus melanotaenia
Luciocephalus pulcher
Luciosoma setigerum
Luciosoma spilopleura
Luciosoma trinema
Lycothrissa crocodilus
Macrochirichthys macrochirus
Macrognathus aculeatus
Macrognathus keithi
Macrognathus maculatus
Mastacembelus armatus
Mastacembelus erythrotaenia
Mastacembelus unicolor
Monopterus albus
Mystus baramensis
Mystus micracanthus
Mystus nemurus
Mystus nigriceps
Mystus olyroides
Mystus wyckii
Nandus nebulosus
Nemacheilus kapuasensis
Nemacheilus lactogeneus
Nemacheilus pfeifferae
Nemacheilus saravakensis
Nemacheilus selangoricus
Neobarynotus microlepis
Neogastromyzon nieuwenhuisi
Ompok bimaculatus
Ompok eugeneiatus
Ompok hypophthalmus
Ompok sabanus
Osphronemus goramy
Osteochilus borneensis
Osteochilus hasseltii
Osteochilus intermedius
Osteochilus kahajanensis
Osteochilus kappenii
Osteochilus melanopleura
Osteochilus microcephalus
Osteochilus pentalineatus
Osteochilus pleurotaenia
Osteochilus schlegelii
Osteochilus spilurus
Osteochilus triporos
Osteochilus waandersii
Oxyeleotris marmorata
Pangasius humeralis
Pangasius macronema
Pangasius nasutus
Pangasius pangasius
Pangasius polyuranodon
Pangio anguillaris
Pangio oblonga
Pangio shelfordii
Pangio superba
Parachela hypophthalmus
Parachela oxygastroides
Paracrossochilus vittatus
Paradoxodacna piratica
Parambassis apogonoides
Parambassis macrolepis
Parambassis wolfii
Pectenocypris balaena
Pelteobagrus ornatus
Pisodonophis hypselopterus
Polynemus longipectoralis
Polystonemus multifilis
Pristolepis fasciata
Pseudeutropius brachypopterus
Pseudeutropius moolenburghae
Puntioplites bulu
Puntioplites waandersi
Puntius anchisporus
Puntius binotatus
Puntius endecanalis
Puntius eugrammus
Puntius everetti
Puntius lateristriga
Puntius lineatus
Puntius rhomboocellatus
Puntius tetrazona
Rasbora argyrotaenia
Rasbora bankanensis
Rasbora borneensis
Rasbora caudimaculata
Rasbora cephalotaenia
Rasbora dorsiocellata
Rasbora dusonensis
Rasbora gracilis
Rasbora kalbarensis
Rasbora pauciperforata
Rasbora subtilis
Rasbora trilineata
Rasborichthys helfrichii
Rohteichthys microlepis
Scleropages formosus Endengered App. I
Setipinna melanochir
Silurichthys hasselti
Silurichthys phaiosoma
Silurichthys schneideri
Sphaerichthys vaillanti
Sundasalanx microps
Tetraodon leiurus
Tetraodon nigroviridis
Tetraodon palembangensis
Thryssocypris ornithostoma
Thynnichthys polylepis
Thynnichthys thynnoides
Thynnichthys vaillanti
Tor douronensis
Toxotes chatareus
Toxotes microlepis
Trichogaster leerii
Trichogaster pectoralis
Wallago leeri
Xenentodon canciloides
  List of Crustaceans (0 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
  List of Mollusks (0 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
  List of Amphibians (0 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
  List of Reptiles (19 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
Bellia crassicollis App II
Boiga dendrophila
Chitra indica Critically Endengered
Crocodylus porosus Vulnerable App II
Cyclemys amboinensis
Cyclemys dentata Lower Risk
Dendrelaphis pictus
Draco sp.
Geoemyda spinosa
Malayemys subtrijuga Vulnerable
Manouria emys Vulnerable App II
Orlitia borneensis
Python reticulatus App II
Pyxidea mouhotii
Testudo emys Vulnerable App II
Tomistoma schlegelii Deficient Data App I
Varanus borneensis App II
Varanus salvator App II
Varanus sp.
  List of Vegetations (187 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
Ageratum conyzoides
Aglaia odoratissima
Aglaia sp.
Alternanthera sessilis
Aniseia martinicensis
Anisoptera grossivenia
Antidesma bunius
Antidesma stipulare
Aporusa sp.
Artocarpus kemando
Artocarpus teysmanii
Asplenium nidus
Baccaurea bracteata
Baeckia frutescens
Barringtonia acutangula
Barringtonia reticulata
Barringtonia sp.
Brackenridgea palustris
Calamus sp.
Calophyllum macrocarpum
Calophyllum sclerophyllum
Calophyllum sp.
Campnosperma auriculata
Carallia brachiata
Cassia alata
Cassytha filiformis
Castanopsis sp.
Cleistanthus sumatranus
Clerodendrum sp.
Combretocarpus rotundatus
Cratoxylum arborescens
Cratoxylum glaucum
Croton ensifolius
Croton sp.
Crudia teysmannii
Cyperus brevifolius
Dendrophthoe pentandra
Dichilanthe borneensis
Digitaria sp.
Dillenia excelsa
Dillenia sp.
Diospyros coriacea
Diospyros sp.
Dipterocarpus gracilis
Dipterocarpus tempehes
Dischidia nummularria
Donax cannaeformis
Dryobalanops abnormis
Dryobalanops oblongifolia
Dryobalanops rappa
Dysoxylum sp.
Echinochloa colonum
Eichhornia crassipes
Elaeocarpus sp.
Erythrina sp.
Eugenia densiflora
Eugenia sp.
Excoecaria indica
Fagraea elliptica
Fagraea fragrans
Fagraea sp.
Ficus consociata
Ficus deltoidea
Ficus microcarpa
Ficus sp.
Fimbristylis dichotoma
Fimbristylis dipsacea
Fimbristylis miliacea
Flagellaria indica
Fordia splendissima
Freycinetia sp.
Garcinia bancana
Garcinia parvifolia
Garcinia rostrata
Garcinia sp.
Gardenia tentaculata
Gardenia tubifera
Glochidion borneense
Glochidion sp.
Gluta pubescens
Gluta renghas
Gluta wallichii
Gnetum sp.
Gonystylus bancanus
Gonystylus velutinus
Gymnostoma sumatranum
Hibiscus tiliaceus
Homalanthus pupolnea
Homalium caryophyllaceum
Hopea dasyrrhachis
Hopea griffithii
Hopea rudiformis
Hydnophytum formicarum
Hypolytrum capitulatum
Hypolytrum nemorum
Hyptis brevipes
Ilex cymosa
Ixora mentanggis
Koompassia malaccensis
Korthalsia sp.
Labisia pumila
Lagerstroemia speciosa
Leea indica
Leersia hexandra
Lepisanthes amoena
Leptochloa chinensis
Licuala sp.
Limnophila erecta
Lithocarpus sp.
Litsea sp.
Ludwigia hyssopifolia
Lycopodium cernuum
Macaranga sp.
Macaranga triloba
Mallotus sp.
Mallotus sumatranus
Melastoma affine
Melastoma malabathricum
Melochia corchorifolia
Memecylon edule
Merremia hederacea
Mesua congestiflora
Mesua hexapetalum
Mesua sp.
Microcos ceramensis
Mimosa pigra
Myrmecodia tuberosa
Nauclea subdita
Nepenthes ampullaria
Nepenthes mirabilis
Octomeles sumatrana
Oncosperma horrida
Pachycentria constricta
Palaquium sp.
Pandanus helicopus
Pandanus sp.
Panicum repens
Paspalum commersonii
Paspalum conjugatum
Passiflora foetida
Pistia stratiotes
Ploiarium alternifolium
Polygonum barbatum
Polygonum celebicum
Polygonum sp.
Premna foetida
Pternandra coerulescens
Pternandra galeata
Pternandra sp.
Pternandra teysmanniana
Saccharum spontaneum
Santiria griffithii
Scleria ciliaris
Scleria purpurascens
Scleria sumatrana
Shorea balangeran
Shorea laevis
Shorea leprosula
Shorea multiflora
Shorea pachyphylla
Shorea palembanica
Shorea seminis
Shorea sp.
Shorea uliginosa
Sindora leiocarpa
Stercularia sp.
Symplocos cochinchinensis
Symplocos sp.
Syzygium claviflora
Syzygium sp.
Tetraria borneensis
Teysmanniodendron sarawakanum
Thoracostachyum bancanum
Timonius flavescens
Timonius salicifolius
Tristaniopsis obovata
Uncaria sclerophylla
Uncaria sp.
Urophyllum arboreum
Vatica cinerea
Vatica menungau
Vatica rassak
Vatica venulosa
Vernonia arborea
Viscum ovalifolium
Xanthophyllum affine
Xanthophyllum flavescens