Latitude :
1 52 4 S Logitude : 121 38 45
Altitude :
0 to 3000 metres
Area :
225000 ha Wetlands: 40480 ha
Status : Strict nature reserve
Legislation : SK No. 133/Kpts/UM/3/1980, 3-3-1980 and 374/Kpts-VIII/86, 24-11-1986.
Tenure : Government of Indonesia / PHPA / Mori & Wana tribes
Province :  
  Site Description  
  Morowali Nature Reserve extends from the coast to the peaks of Mt. Morowali (2,280 m), Mt. Tambusisi (2,422 m), and Mt. Tokala (2,630 m). The mountainous area in the northern part of the Reserve is characterized by asymetric broadly dissected sedimentary ridges of sandstone, siltstone, mudstone, and shale. The southern and central mountain areas consist of oriented rounded ridges over ultrabasic rocks and rugged karstic limstone ridges and mountains, particularly along the eastern boundary. The southeastern part of the Reserve consists of the Morowali Plain. This coastal plain is a complex alluvial fan deposited by the Morowali, Tiworo, Ula and Solato rivers. The coastline is deliniated by beach ridges and swales of alluvium and recent riverine deposits as well as intertidal mudflats under mangroves made up of alluvium and recent estuarine-marine deposits. Inland, the gently sloping alluvial fans consist of ultrabasic alluvium and fan deposits, and are cut by river courses that have migrated back and forth across the fan (Schweithelm et al., 1992) The Morowali Plain is is 45,000 ha large (plus 12,000 ha on the adjacent Ula-Salato Plain which is partially settled). This includes 5,400 ha very coarse riverbed alluvium, 25,000 ha seasonal swamps, 9,000 ha shallow peat swamp, 300ha mangrove swamp and 780 ha of (2; Ranu) lakes. Most of the area is covered in primary forest (Silvius et al. 1987). The alluvial plains along the Solato river and alluvial valleys along Sumara river have been developed as transmigration settlements and agricultural fields (Schweithelm et al., 1992). Principal vegetation: Mangrove forest: Rhizophora apiculata. Other species are: Rhizophora mucronata, Sonneratia alba, Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, Lumnitzera racemosa, Ceriops tagal, Xylocarpus granatum, Acrostichum sp. Mixed swamp forest: Manilkara sp., Mimusops elengi, Calophyllum soulattri, Parinari corymbosa, Haptolobus celebicus. According to Schweithelm et al.(1992), peatswamps occur near the mouth of the Tiworo River, however no information is available on the vegetation in this area. Most of big mammals known from Sulawesi occur in the Reserve and its surrounding areas. These include the endemic highland anoa (Bubalus quarlesii), babirusa (Babirousa babirussa), Tonkean macaque (Macaca tonkeana), wild pig (Sus celebensis), bear cuscus (Phalanger ursinus) Celebes cuscus (Phalanger celebensis). Smaller mammals includeeaster tarsier (Tarsius spectrum), flying fox, bats and squirrel. The maleo bird occurs in the Reserve, as well as other endemic species such as king fisher, wood pecker and owls. The people living in the Reserve and many of those on its eastern and norhtern boundaries are members of the Wana or Towana ethnic group. Coastal area of the reserve is populated by a mixture of Buginese, Bungku, Mori, Tololaki and Toraja people who grow rice in sawah and other food crops in dryland fields. Some are involved in fishing and trading forest products (Schweithelm et al., 1992)  
  Site Location  
  Morowali Reserve is entirely within the Poso District and is divided by the Morowali River between Petasia and Bungku Utara sub-districts. The capital town of these sub districts are Kolonodale and Baturube. Kolonedale is the nearest town to the area. Kolonedale can be reach by land fom Palu, which in dry season may take 2 days long or more in rainy seasons. From Kolonedale the journey to the Nature Reserve area can be continued with motor boat for approx. 2 hours to the guard post on the Morowali river. Morowali Nature Reserve is located several hundred kilometers to the southeast of Palu, on the north side of Tomori Bay.  
  Special Memmo  
  Many endemic species in an area which is currently (1987) not seriously disturbed. Consists of 7 mammals and 52 birds endemic to Sulawesi (1212) Morowali Nature Reserve has a complex tropical forest ecosystem with the occurence of many types ecosystems  
  List of Birds (106 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
Actenoides monachus
Actenoides princeps
Actitis hypoleucos
Alcedo atthis
Alcedo meninting
Amaurornis isabellina
Amaurornis phoenicurus
Anas gibberifrons
Anas querquedula
Anas superciliosa
Anhinga melanogaster Lower Risk
Anous stolidus
Ardea purpurea
Ardea sumatrana Lower Risk
Ardeola speciosa
Aythya australis
Aythya fuligula
Bubulcus ibis
Butorides striatus
Cacatua sulphurea Critically Endengered App I
Calidris ruficollis
Calidris subminuta
Calidris tenuirostris
Calonectris leucomelas
Charadrius alexandrinus
Charadrius asiaticus
Charadrius dubius
Charadrius leschenaultii
Charadrius mongolus
Charadrius peronii Lower Risk
Chlidonias hybridus
Chlidonias leucopterus
Ciconia episcopus
Circus assimilis App II
Cisticola juncidis
Dendrocygna arcuata
Ducula luctuosa
Ducula radiata
Dupetor flavicollis
Egretta garzetta
Egretta intermedia
Egretta sacra
Esacus magnirostris
Fregata ariel
Fregata minor
Gallicrex cinerea
Gallinago megala
Gallinago stenura
Gallinula tenebrosa
Gallus gallus
Gorsachius goisagi Vulnerable
Halcyon chloris
Haliaeetus leucogaster App II
Heteroscelus brevipes
Himantopus himantopus
Irediparra gallinacea
Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
Ixobrychus eurhythmus Lower Risk
Ixobrychus sinensis
Limicola falcinellus
Limosa lapponica
Limosa limosa
Macrocephalon maleo Vulnerable App I
Megapodius freycinet
Nectarinia sericea
Nettapus coromandelianus
Numenius madagascariensis Lower Risk
Numenius minutus
Numenius phaeopus
Oriolus chinensis
Otus manadensis App II
Pandion haliaetus App II
Pelargopsis melanorhyncha
Pelecanus conspicillatus
Penelopides exarhatus
Phalacrocorax melanoleucos
Phalacrocorax sulcirostris
Phalaropus lobatus
Plegadis falcinellus
Pluvialis dominica
Pluvialis squatarola
Podiceps ruficollis
Porphyrio porphyrio
Porzana cinerea
Prioniturus platurus App II
Ptilinopus fischeri
Rallina eurizonoides
Rallus philippensis
Rallus striatus
Scolopax celebensis Lower Risk
Sterna albifrons
Sterna bergii
Sterna sumatrana
Streptopelia chinensis
Sula dactylatra
Sula leucogaster
Tanygnathus sumatranus App II
Trichastoma celebense
Trichoglossus flavoviridis App II
Trichoglossus ornatus App II
Tringa hypoleucos
Tringa nebularia
Tringa stagnatilis
Tringa totanus
Turnix suscitator
Xenus cinereus
  List of Mammals (21 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
Ailurops ursinus Deficient Data
Babyrousa babyrussa Vulnerable App I
Bubalus quarlesi Endengered App I
Bunomys chrysocomus
Cervus timorensis
Cynopterus brachyotis Lower Risk
Lenomys meyeri
Macaca tonkeana Lower Risk App II
Macrogalidia musschenbroeki Vulnerable
Macroglossus minimus
Maxomys wattsi Endengered
Mus musculus
Nyctimene cephalotes
Rattus exulans
Rattus rattus
Rousettus celebensis
Stigocuscus celebensis Deficient Data
Sus celebensis
Sus verrucosus Endengered
Tarsius spectrum Deficient Data App II
Viverra tangalunga
  List of Fish (13 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
Ambassis buruensis
Belobranchus belobranchus
Channa striata
Glossogobius celebius
Odonteleotris macrodon
Oligolepis acutipennis
Ophieleotris aporos
Oryzias orthognathus Endengered
Oxyeleotris gyrinoides
Pseudomugil reticulatus
Sicyopterus cynocephalus
Stiphodon semoni
Toxotes jaculator
  List of Crustaceans (11 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
Caridina brevicarpalis
Caridina laevis
Caridina modigliani
Caridina wyckii
Macrobrachium gracilirostre
Macrobrachium horstii
Macrobrachium lar
Macrobrachium latidactylus
Macrobrachium latimanus
Macrobrachium lepidactyloides
Macrobrachium mammillodactylus
  List of Mollusks (15 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
Bellamya crassibucca
Bellamya javanica
Bellamya persculpta
Brotia centaurus
Brotia scalariopsis
Brotia teradjarum
Corbicula celebensis
Melanoides granifera
Melanoides tuberculata
Miratesta celebensis Extinct
Pila ampullacea
Protancylus pileolus
Thiara scabra
Tylomelania neritiformis
Tylomelania porcellanica
  List of Amphibians (6 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
Bufo celebensis
Hylarana celebensis
Hylarana chalconota
Limnonectes fennemai
Limnonectes kuhlii
Rana sp.
  List of Reptiles (16 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
Crocodylus porosus Vulnerable App II
Dendrelaphis pictus
Dryophis sp.
Emoia cyanura
Emoia sp.
Geochelone forsteni Rare App II
Hydrosaurus amboinensis
Mabuya multifasciata
Natrix sp.
Psammodynastes sp.
Python reticulatus App II
Python sp.
Sphenomorphus variegatus
Testudo sp.
Trimeresurus wagleri
Varanus sp.
  List of Vegetations (19 species)  
Species Red Data Book Cites
Acrostichum sp.
Alstonia scholaris
Bruguiera gymnorhiza
Calophyllum soulattri
Casuarina sp.
Ceriops sp.
Ceriops tagal
Eugenia sp.
Ficus sp.
Lumnitzera littorea
Lumnitzera racemosa
Palaquium sp.
Pandanus sp.
Parinari corymbosa
Rhizophora apiculata
Rhizophora mucronata
Santiria sp.
Sonneratia alba
Xylocarpus granatum